Get this from a library! La cuestión étnica: algunos problemas teórico- metodológicos. [Rodolfo Stavenhagen]. La Cuestión Étnica. Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas. Conflictos étnicos y estado nacional. Entre la ley y la costumbre: el derecho. Rodolfo Stavenhagen, sociólogo, investigador y profesor emérito del La cuestión étnica, Derechos humanos de los pueblos indígenas.

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Being a Tzotzil or Mixteco therefore means being indigenous for the rest of Mexican society. Amazon Music Stream millions of songs. Intergenerational Changes in Racial Classification in Brazil. Identities, Attitudes, and Politics in Brazil.

Ethnic Identification and its Consequences for Measuring Inequality in Mexico

These schools teach preschool and primary school children in indigenous languages, and are therefore expected to increase language retention across generations. Perspectives from Latin America. However, because it identifies children that are less integrated into Mexican society and therefore more disadvantaged, language proficiency may be a better measure with which to study social inequality.

Some boundaries will be more difficult to cross because they entail characteristics that typically do not change within a generation. The educational disadvantage of children is measured based on whether they are in a grade at school that is appropriate for their age. AmazonGlobal Ship Orders Internationally. Any parent born in a different state is considered a migrant.

During his own lifetime his origins may be remembered and he may still be called an Indian, but he will be treated as a ladino for most everyday purposes.

Rodolfo Stavenhagen

Race and the Census in Modern Politics. Where the respondent chooses to draw the line for him or herself as well as for any children for whom he or she is answering the questionnaire, is extremely subjective and amenable to purposeful interpretation.

By contrast, the greater tendency for children of more educated parents to be classified as indigenous when proxy self-identification is used ls a criterion is more unexpected.


Percent children of indigenous parents classified as indigenous by years of education of mother a. In the terminology used in multilevel modeling, children may be thought to be nested within municipalities. If the household resident does not cuestiob an indigenous language the questionnaire asks whether he or she at least understands an indigenous language.

Ethnic and racial boundaries also vary greatly in the extent to which they clearly demarcate categories of individuals.

English Choose a language for shopping. Only English by the Third Generation? However, the relevant coefficients are statistically significant in the same direction.

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Introducing the educational attainment of both parents as separate predictors in the models may result in estimation problems since they are strongly correlated due to the high levels of educational homogamy in Latin American countries such as Mexico Torche Lieberson Stanely, Curry Timothy J.

The Significance of Skin Color in Brazil.

Among children of parents who are both classified as indigenous based on proxy self-identification Boundary Dynamics and Intercensus Racial Reclassification. However, the loss of indigenous language proficiency takes on a greater significance in Mexico because the ability to speak an indigenous language continues to be used as an indicator of ethnicity by researchers and policy makers e.

Get to Know Us. Moreover, by comparing models using language proficiency and proxy self-identification as criteria for indigenous classification, I am able to assess whether the shift in indigenous identification is more pronounced with one classification system than another. The same individual may be considered as black in one context and brown moreno in another.

In the statistical analysis below I will therefore test the hypothesis that the presence of indigenous language schools in a municipality increases the retention of indigenous languages across generations. Compared to language proficiency, self-identification allows individuals greater freedom to identify themselves as they wish, even when the information is provided by a proxy. There are some limited contexts in which claiming an indigenous identity may serve to advance a professional career.

Following critics of the quality of instruction at these schools, I will also test whether their presence improves educational outcomes for children in the second part of my statistical analysis. Roodlfo House Publishers; However, movement across racial boundaries based on skin color is not completely random, but instead shows some systematic tendencies.


The Puerto Rican Nation on the Move: Because I am interested in measuring the educational cusetion of children categorized as indigenous compared to all others, the sample now includes all Mexican children in this age group regardless of their ethnic classification. This allows me to include children living in extended family households Ka loss of indigenous classification based on language proficiency for children of more rodlofo educated parents is consistent with findings from research on minority language use among second generation immigrant children in the U.

Little Brown and Company; How Puerto Rico Became White: As noted earlier, only children of mothers and fathers who speak an indigenous language are included in the sample used to test the models in each panel respectively. Yale University Press; Much of this literature has focused specifically on language shift among U.

Assimilation and Contemporary Immigration. First, random effects models are used to predict the odds that children of indigenous mothers and indigenous fathers will be classified as indigenous while accounting for the characteristics of the children, their parents, and the community in which they reside.

Rodolro, Supple and Snipp find that the increase in the tendency to self-report as Native American in the U. In particular, the conditional cash transfer program known as Oportunidadesby far the largest assistance program in Mexico, does not specifically use indigenous identification as a criterion for qualification SEDESOL n.