The Fieseler Fi developed and tested at Peenemunde research center for the German Air Force during the World War II became the first long-range guided . On June 13, , Nazi Germany unleashed a new type of weapon: The Fieseler Fi “flying bomb,” a small, pilotless, medium-range cruise missile. Late in the war several piloted V-1s were built. The plan was that a pilot would guide the missile into position close to its target and bail out at the last moment.

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Fieseler Fi R Reichenberg. The piloted system was to be a type of suicide missile that the pilot could aim at his target with and bail out at the last possible moment. In theory, it was a sound plan for a nation on the brink of losing the global conflict yet in practice, the idea of the pilot bailing out in this fashion would yeild a pretty substantial loss rate.

The Fieseler Fi (V1) German “Buzz Bomb” | The Museum of Flight

The Fi was born out of the idea that the system could be equally useful in precision strikes against Allied shipping in the Channel. An already proven weapon in th unmanned V-1 rocket version, the Fi R could just as easily be mass-produced fieselee quantity and put into action with very little testing or training.


The idea itself stemmed from a proposal that looked into delivering these suicide missiles from vieseler underbelly of an advancing bomber. Though comparable to the Kamikaze in the Pacific, the pilots of the Fi would not be sealed into their cockpits. Once a target had been acquired through visual means, the pilot could aim the nose of the missile at a target area and, jettisoning the canopy, he would simply bail out and deploy a chute.

One major problem with this action lay in the position of the canopy – resting just in front of the pulsejet engine.

V-1 flying bomb

In practice, the jettisoning canopy would have interfered with the pulsejet and thus render a successful pilot extraction from the machine very unlikely. The power of the Fi R came from the lb thrust pulsejet engine mounted in the upper rear of the fuselage.

The pilots seating position was to be just before the opening of the pulsejet and basic wings were added for stability. Flight capabilities were rudimentary and only required the most basic of handling.


Landing was only accomplished during testing and it was itself quite a fjeseler as the system was never intended to return safely to base. A powerful kilogram warhead was packed into the nose assembly making for one inexpensive and easy-to-produce terror weapon.

With over 70 pilots tabbed for training in the Fi R, the project was never fully developed. This action stemmed from the low interest that Ffi leaders had in such a system and the loss of two such aircraft during testing.

Fieseler Fi 103R Reichenberg

Though nearly aircraft of this type were produced, the system was never to see full operational action in the Second World War. Where applicable, the appearance of U.

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