Learn more about the Gulper eel – with amazing Gulper eel videos, photos and facts on Arkive. Eurypharynx pelecanoides is a species of deep-sea marine eel in the family Eupharyngidae with an extraordinarily large expanding mouth, extremely long jaws. Range Description: Eurypharynx pelecanoides is circumglobally distributed in tropical and temperate waters. Recent records include the Gulf of Mexico.

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They are ray-finned fish, and only resemble eels in appearance.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

When the eel gulps its prey into its massive jaws, it also takes in a large amount of water, which is then slowly expelled through its gill slits. Species Citation Eurypharynx pelecanoides VaillantC. We made two versions of this species. Eurypharynx pelecanoides VaillantC. It belongs to the order Saccopharyngiformes, which is closely related to the true eels in Anguilliformes.

Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below. Sign up to our newsletter Get the latest wild news direct to your inbox. Unlike many other deepsea creatures, it has very small eyes. Retrieved from ” https: This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. The mouth is loosely hinged, and can be opened wide enough to swallow a fish much larger than the eel itself.


By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. They have a very long tapering compressed tail tipped with a small pinkish light organ.

As they mature, the males undergo a change that causes enlargement of the olfactory organs, responsible for the sense of smell, and degeneration of the teeth and jaws. Conventional and X-ray images of preserved Eurypharynx pelecanoides.

Eurypharynx pelecanoides

What makes the gulper eel so different from other fish, is not so much what it has, but what it doesn’t have. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Sign our Guest Book. The light organ at the tail tip may lure predators to attack the least vulnerable part of the Pelican Eel’s body Smith Egg cells within each of the gonads have the same developmental stage monocyclic ovaries suggesting only one spawning during its lifetime or periodic spawning Ref. The jaw is loosely hinged, as seen in modern snakes, making it able to be eurypbarynx extremely widely.


Human uses

Meso- to eugypharynx Ref. Specimens that have been brought to the surface in fishing nets have been known to have their long tails tied into several knots. The lower jaw is hinged at the base of the head, with no body mass behind it, making the head look disproportionately large.

Lindsey Paretti – Blood Island. Which species are on the road to recovery?

The gulper eel is very different in appearance to most other [true] eel species. Gulper eels themselves are pelecanoieds upon by lancetfish and other deep sea predators. Help us share the wonders of the natural world. Please donate to Arkive Help us share the wonders of the natural world. A bizarre deep-water eel with an enormous mouth, extremely long jaws, pore-like gill openings and a very expandable pharynx and stomach.

Evolution of the deep-sea gulper eel mitochondrial genomes: Team WILD, an elite squadron of science superheroes, needs your help! The pouch-like lower jaw resembles that of a pelicanhence its name.