Рис. spirale f d ́Ekman s espiral f de Ekman g Ekman-Spirale f El Niño; southern oscillation The abnormal warming of ocean water off the west coast of. Vagn Walfrid Ekman Category:Ekman spiral cawiki Espiral d’Ekman; dewiki Korkenzieherströmung; enwiki Ekman spiral; eswiki Espiral de Ekman; etwiki. elbow EHT~; – rectffier u TV válvula rectificadora de MAT/; – supply n rv spiral n OCEAN espiral de Ekman m elaeolite n MINERAL eleolita / nefelma.

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But he did have lots of time to make observations of the environment. Ekman spirals are also found in the atmosphere.

This makes a spiral of moving water to meters to ft deep called an Ekman spiral. This surface current drags on the water layer below it, applying a force in its own direction of motion to that layer, repeating the process whereby that layer eventually becomes a steady current even further to the right of the wind, and so on for deeper layers of water, resulting in a continuous rotation or spiraling of current direction with changing depth.

As depth increases, the force transmitted from the driving wind declines and thus the speed of the resultant steady current decreases, hence the tapered spiral representation in the accompanying diagram.

The first documented observations of an oceanic Ekman spiral were made in the Arctic Ocean from a drifting ice floe in The deflection of surface currents was first noticed by the Norwegian oceanographer Fridtjof Nansen during espural Fram expedition — and the effect was first physically explained by Vagn Walfrid Ekman.

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Espiral d’Ekman

This is due both to the fact that the turbulent mixing in the surface layer of the ocean has a strong diurnal cycle and to the fact that surface waves can destabilize the Ekman spiral. Walfrid Ekman who first described the spiral in The classic Ekman spiral has been observed under sea ice, [3] but observations remain rare in open-ocean conditions. If this file has problems with attributioncopyrightor is otherwise ineligible for Commons, then remove this tag and DO NOT transfer it; repeat violators may be blocked from editing.


If this media is not useful, please propose it for deletion or list it at files for discussion. In espigal projects Wikimedia Commons. All free media Wikipedia orphaned files Files with no machine-readable description Files with no machine-readable author Files with no machine-readable source. A structure of currents or winds near a horizontal boundary in fe the flow direction rotates as one moves away from wkman boundary.

The force from above is in red beginning with the wind blowing over the water surfacethe Coriolis force which is shown at right angles to the force from above when it should ekmqn fact be at right angles to the actual water flow is in dark yellow, and the net resultant water movement is in pink, which then becomes the force from above for the layer below it, accounting for the gradual clockwise spiral motion as you move down.

If this file is freely licensed, but otherwise unsuitable for Commons e. Esoiral mover What files espirql be renamed? Modelling the mixed layer response”. Summary [ edit ] http: As the flow is now somewhat right of the wind, the Coriolis force perpendicular to the flow’s motion is now partly directed against the wind.

Articles with short description. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. This media file is either in the public domain or published under a free licensed contains no inbound file links. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Journal of Physical Oceanography. For ekmwn years, Nansen and his ship drifted through the Arctic.


This page was last edited on 25 Augustat Please verify that this file is suitable for Commons before transferring it. This file was suggested for transfer by a bot User: If the file lacks a description you can check edits the uploader made just after uploading this file with this tool.

He thought that trapped in sea ice, which espira with ocean currents, he would get to the North Pole eventually. This phenomenon would later become known as Ekman transport. On the influence of the Earth’s rotation on ocean currents. The water turns to the left instead of right in the Southern Hemisphere. PD Public domain false false.

This image is a work of a sailor or employee of the U. Retrieved from ” https: The depth to which the Ekman spiral penetrates is determined by how far turbulent mixing can penetrate over the course of a pendulum day. The speed and direction of the moving water changes with depth.

Ekman spiral – Wikimedia Commons

The average direction of all this turning water is about a right angle from the wind direction. Thus, when a persistent wind blows over an extended area of the ocean surface in the northern hemisphere, it causes a surface current which accelerates in that direction, which then experiences a Coriolis force and acceleration to the right of the wind: File File history File usage No higher resolution available.

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