Brahmagupta, whose father was Jisnugupta, wrote important works on mathematics and astronomy. In particular he wrote Brahmasphutasiddhanta Ⓣ, in Brahmagupta was an Indian mathematician, born in AD in Bhinmal, a state of Rajhastan, India. He spent most of his life in Bhinmal which was under the rule. Brahmagupta, (born —died c. , possibly Bhillamala [modern Bhinmal], Rajasthan, India), one of the most accomplished of the ancient Indian astronomers.

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Brahmagupta Biography – Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline

Diminish by the middle [number] the square-root of the rupas multiplied by four times the square and increased by the square of the middle [number]; divide the remainder by twice the square. There are numerous science historians who made testimony to his great scientific contribution.

Albert Einstein, German-born physicist who developed the special and general theories of relativity and…. Bhillamala, called pi-lo-mo-lo by Xuanzangwas the apparent capital of the Gurjaradesathe second largest kingdom of Western India, comprising southern Rajasthan and northern Gujarat in modern-day India. In addition to expounding on traditional Indian astronomy in his books, Brahmagupta devoted several chapters of Brahma-sphuta-siddhanta to mathematics.

Brahmagupta gave the solution of the general linear equation in chapter eighteen of Brahmasphutasiddhanta. Brahmagupta then goes on to give the sum of the squares and cubes of the first n integers. Babylonian mathematics Chinese mathematics Greek mathematics Islamic mathematics European mathematics.

This entry contributed by Margherita Barile Hindu astronomer and mathematician who applied algebraic methods to astronomical problems. A negative or a positive divided by zero has that [zero] as its divisor, or zero divided by a negative or a positive [has that negative or positive as its divisor]. He was well-read in the five traditional siddhanthas on Indian astronomy, and also studied the work of other ancient astronomers such as Aryabhata I, Latadeva, Pradyumna, Varahamihira, Simha, Srisena, Vijayanandin and Vishnuchandra.


He stressed the importance of these topics as a qualification for a mathematician, or calculator ganaka. Its perpendicular is the lower portion of the [central] perpendicular; the upper portion of the [central] perpendicular is half of the sum of the [sides] perpendiculars diminished by the lower [portion of the central perpendicular].

Brahmagupta’s most famous result in geometry is his formula for cyclic quadrilaterals. He was the son of Jishnugupta and was a Shaivite by religion. The sum of the cubes is the square of that [sum] Piles of these with identical balls [can also be computed]. An enormous amount of material is found on astronomy, while it also includes chapters on mathematics, trigonometry, algorithms and algebra.

Brahmagupta dedicated a substantial portion of his work to geometry. Brahmagupta distinguished twenty arithmetical operations logisticsincluding the extraction of roots and the solution of proportions, and eight measurements determinations.

Addition was indicated by juxtaposition, subtraction by placing a dot over the subtrahend, and division by placing the divisor below the dividend, as in our fractional notation but without the bar.

He composed his texts in elliptic verse in Sanskrit, as was common practice in Indian mathematics of his time. Other sociologists believed he might have belonged to Multan region. Please try again later. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Each yuga is progressively shorter than the preceding one, corresponding to a decline in the moral and physical state of humanity. In addition to that his work was commented upon by Lalla and Bhattotpala in the eighth and ninth century.


Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of His remaining eighteen sines are,,,, Little is known about the life of Bhaskara; I is appended to his name to distinguish him from a 12th-century Indian astronomer of the…. The product of a negative and a positive is negative, of two negatives positive, and of positives positive; the product of zero and a negative, of zero and a positive, or of two zeros is zero.


Ghurye believed that he might have been from the Multan or Brahmaguta region. List and Biographies of Great Mathematicians. In his Brahma treatise, Brahmagupta criticized contemporary Indian astronomer on their different opinion. The kingdom of Bhillamala seems to have been annihilated but Ujjain repulsed the attacks.

He is believed to have died sometime after AD.

He lived in Bhillamala modern Bhinmal during the reign of the Chapa dynasty ruler, Vyagrahamukha. It is interesting to bjography also that the algebra of Brahmagupta, like that of Diophantus, was syncopated.

Brahmagupta | Indian astronomer |

A Natural History of Zero. Not much is known about his early life.

Multiplication, evolution, and unknown kf were represented by abbreviations of appropriate terms. Leonardo da Vinci, Italian: According to himself, Brahmagupta was born in CE and was the follower of Shaivism. In some of the verses before verse 40, Brahmagupta gives constructions of various figures with arbitrary sides. Privacy Policy Manage Cookies.

He further gives a theorem on rational triangles. He also introduced new methods for solving quadratic equations and gave equations to solve systems of simultaneous indeterminate equations, in addition to providing two equivalent solutions to the general quadratic equation. He was of the view that the Moon is closer to the Earth than biogra;hy Sun based on its power of waxing and waning.

This information can be translated into the list of sines,,, boography,,,, andwith the radius being